More and more people have turned to marijuana and are currently enjoying the health benefits it provides. As there are basically two types available in the market, people want to know what options are available for them, as well as the difference between this two.
CBD is one of the natural compounds that you can find in Cannabis. This is an extraction from hemp and you can find this in the form of gels, oils, gummies, supplements and a whole lot more. This doesn’t cause psychoactive effects, which is why those who believe in the health benefits offered by cannabis yet at the same time, they don’t want the high then they go for CBD.
Obviously, THC is the opposite of CBD in terms of psychoactive effects. While CBD does not give the high, THC does. It is even considered as the psychoactive compound found in cannabis. Those who want health benefits and at the same time the high that cannabis brings, they would go for THC. THC can be consumed by smoking marijuana. It also comes in tinctures, capsules and other forms.
Is there an apparent difference between the two?
In terms of molecular structure, CBD and THC are the same. It is comprised of 30 hydrogen atoms, 21 carbon atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The difference between CBD and THC is found in how their atoms are arranged. This arrangement is also responsible as to how these compounds affect the body.
These compounds also exhibit similarity to the body’s endocannabinoids. Thus, they easily interact with the body’s cannabinoid receptors. Once either CBD or THC compounds interact with the endocannabinoids, neurotransmitters are released in the brain. When they’re released, it then leads to the relaying of messages from one brain cell to another.
How they work?
As mentioned earlier, the primary difference between CBD and THC lies in the fact that they produce different psychoactive effects. CBD is a non-psychoactive compound while THC is a psychoactive one. CBD will not result to a high while THC will considering that the latter binds with CB1 brain receptors. This then leads to the sense of euphoria. On the other hand, CBD is weak when it comes to binding with CB1 receptors. According to NCBI, CBD can counteract the effects of TBH.
The legal aspect
In the United States, issues on the legality of both CBD and THC are also developing. Its legality would depend on the state. Some states have already legalized cannabis, while there are those who have not. In states that have made cannabis legal, all forms whether CBD or THC, are considered legal. On the other hand, in states that have not, all forms are also prohibited.
At current time, there are already 20 states that have passed laws which make medical marijuana legal, albeit with high levels of THC. However, this has to be prescribed by a physician. There are also more than nine states that have already legalized recreational use of THC and marijuana. On the overall, in the federal level, it remains to be illegal.
A Breakdown of the Benefits and Side Effects
As mentioned earlier, CBD does not give the high as compared to THC. Some of the conditions where CBD is used as a form of treatment include epilepsy, pain, inflammation, depression, seizures, migraines, nausea, anxiety, mental disorders and inflammatory bowel disease. On the other hand, THC is known to help in pain, insomnia, anxiety, low appetite, glaucoma, nausea and also muscle spasticity.
As to side effects, since CBD does not result to euphoria, the body can easily tolerate it. More often than not, “side effects” in the use of CBD is often a result of CBD interacting with other medications a patient is taking. Such is not the case with THC as its psychoactive properties can bring about certain effects. Some of the side effects of its use include coordination problems, slow reaction time, increased heart rate, dry mouths, red eyes and memory loss. It is best to take note that high THC use may lead to negative psychiatric effects.
CBD and THC Tests
It is the body fat that stores cannabinoids, which is why even if a person has used it a week ago or two, it can still show up in the results. In fact, there are drug tests that won’t even detect CBD. However, one always has the option to choose CBD sensitive tests.
Hemp and Marijuana In terms of CBD and THC, both hemp and marijuana contain the two compounds. Marijuana has higher THC concentration while hemp has higher CBD concentration. Hemp has been the preferred source for the popular product in the market CBD oil.